Revolt against Confucian values}{History of China, Chow, May Fourth Movement, pp. Impact of the new culture movement- from a modern textbook "By 1919 New Youth had been joined by many other periodicals aimed at young people aspiring for a New China. Chen Duxiu as dean and Li Dazhao as librarian in turn recruited leading figures such as the philosopher Hu Shi, the scholar of Buddhism Liang Shuming, the historian Gu Jiegang, and many more. There is no sincerer love than the love of food. Li called for "fundamental solutions," but Hu criticized it as abstract, calling for "more study of questions, less study of isms." This article has been cited by the following publications. Another outcome was the promotion of written vernacular Chinese (白话文) over literary or classical Chinese. More than two millennia of imperial rule had just come to an end but the republic was riven between regional warlords and powerless to revoke the “Unequal Treaties” forced upon the previous Qing Dynasty by foreign powers. [22], Orthodox historians viewed the New Culture Movement as a revolutionary break with feudal thought and social practice and the seedbed of revolutionary leaders who created the Communist Party of China and went on to found the People's Republic of China in 1949. The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement which grew out of student protests in Beijing on 4 May 1919. Dewey arrived in China in 1919, and spent the following year lecturing. The New Culture Movement was an anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student demonstrations in Beijing. The business side gained importance and with a greater emphasis on advertising and commercial news, the main papers, especially in Shanghai, moved away from the advocacy journalism that characterized the 1911 revolutionary period. In theory, the new format allowed people with little education to read texts, articles and books. [26], Xu Jilin, a Shanghai intellectual who reflects liberal voices, agreed in effect with the orthodox view that the New Culture Movement was the root of the Chinese Revolution but valued the outcome differently. Great Wall of China He charged that literary, or Classical Chinese, which had been the written language prior to the movement, was understood by only scholars and officials (ironically, the new vernacular included many foreign words and Japanese neologisms (Wasei-kango), which made it difficult for many to read). Other students heeded Hu Shih's call to return to their studies. Language used: Vernacular Chinese originated from Classical Chinese, new literature and  drama. As part of this New Culture Movement, they attacked traditional Confucian ideas and exalted Western ideas, particularly science and democracy. Historians in the west also saw the movement as marking a break between tradition and modernity, but in recent decades, Chinese and western historians now commonly argue that the changes promoted by New Culture leaders had roots going back several generations and thus were not a sharp break with tradition, which, in any case, was quite varied, as much as an acceleration of earlier trends. It is perennially ranked as one of the top academic institutions in China, Asia, and worldwide, and was recognized as the 22nd best university in the 2020 QS World University Rankings. The New Culture Movement, which started in the early republican period, helped many Chinese intellectuals build there way towards the future. }} Thus, the New Culture Movement advocated focus on a range of topics that included science, technology, individualism, and democracy. The substitution is a staple of the emerging individualistic theories that occurred during the era. [11] A large number of Western doctrines became fashionable, particularly those that reinforced the cultural criticism and nation-building impulses of the movement. The protests swept across the rest of the country as workers went on strike as well. He reasoned that late imperial China had not been stagnant, irrational and isolated, conditions that would justify radical revolution, but that late Qing thinkers were already taking advantage of the creative potential of Confucius. They included a certain Mao Zedong, although it was Chen, not Mao, who would later become the first leader of the Communist Party of China. The New Youth journal was a leading forum for debating why China was weak, and the finger pointed at Confucian culture. Some modern Chinese poetry represents major new and modern developments in the poetry of one of the world's larger areas, as well as other important areas sharing this linguistic affinity. The roles of journalist and editor were professionalized and became prestigious careers. No responsibility will The roles of journalist and editor were professionalized and became prestigious careers.