DifferenceBetween.net. The Philistines maintained a distinct cultural identity with diverse origins, at the same time that they became “entangled” with the local Canaanite populations among whom they settled. The Land of Israel, a region that is roughly coextensive with the State of Israel. (historical) An ancient kingdom that occupied the northern part of this area, as distinct from Judah… 3. Of or relating to ancient lower Mesopotamia and its empire centered in Babylon. Israelites had a single kingdom during the reigns of Solomon and David. After an emergent and large polity was suddenly formed based on the Gibeon-Gibeah plateau and destroyed by Shoshenq I in the first half of 10th century BCE, a return to small city states was prevalent in the Southern Levant, but between 950 and 900 BCE another large polity emerged in the northern highlands with its capital eventually at Tirzah, that can be considered the precur… SHE will always remain Israel the homeland of the Jew where the LORD placed HIS name in Jerusalem it’s Capital. Judea, was the southern Kingdom and was the proper kingdom where most Jews … I am a leader of a Women Bible class and it will help me lot Both are Israel but divided into two different Kingdoms.